D’Amico A¹, Quatrosi G¹, Lo Verde M¹, Bettiol C¹, Raieli V²
¹Child Neuropsychiatry School - University of Palermo, Piazzale delle Cliniche, Palermo, Italy
²Child Neuropsychiatry Unit - ISMEP - P.O. Cristina - ARNAS Civico, via dei Benedettini 1, Palermo, Italy
Corresponding Author: Vincenzo Raieli – via dei Benedettini 1 - P.O. Di Cristina – 90100 Palermo- Italy.
Received: June 15, 2019
Published: August 12, 2019
Background: Facial pain syndromes are very disabling conditions. They are uncommon in children and adolescents and a lot of pediatric tests do not address them; also in literature, only a few cases are reported. A practitioner’s appropriate knowledge is very important in order to avoid misdiagnosis. Also, there are symptomatic forms that are secondary to other causes like tumors or vascular malformation.
Methods: This review updates the trigeminal neuralgia, nervous intermedius neuralgia, glossopharyngeal neuralgia, occipital nerve neuralgia, Bell's palsy, red ear syndrome, neck-tongue syndrome, trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias, cluster headache, paroxysmal hemicrania, SUNA and SUNCT and the persistent and idiopathic facial pain.
Conclusion: Knowledge of the clinical features of these facial pain syndromes in children allows physicians to establish the correct diagnosis and develop the optimal treatment plan.
KEYWORDS: Red Ear Syndrome; Facial Pain; Childhood; Adolescence; Neuralgias